On the 1st of June 2021, a successful workshop about member country reports took place. This workshop has been attended by more than 30 participants from the industry, academia, policymakers, investors, and end-users. At this workshop, which was the first out of three this year, Austria, Netherlands, and China presented an updated view of their national markets.
The primary pillars of Austria’s first Country Report were policy-related topics, including various fields of application of heat pump technologies, the development of a mass-market segment for heat pumps, and research development and innovation. The Austrian Climate and Energy Strategy “Mission 2030” aims to use 100% renewable energy in the power sector by 2030. This ambitious objective necessitates increased renewable energy production capacities of 20-25 TWh, primarily from wind, photovoltaic, and hydropower. Heat pumps will also play a significant role in the strategy. The report shows how policymakers, heat pump manufacturers, consumers, and R&D institutions implemented specific recommendations to maximize heat pump market penetration in Austria. As a result, according to 41 Austrian heat pump producers and distributors, overall heat pump sales grew from 43,665 units in 2019 to 47,192 units in 2020. This represents an 8.1% increase. Air-to-water heat pumps are the dominant systems sold with low investment costs and easy installation. Their market scenarios to 2030 show (i) the importance of industrial heat pump research investments, (ii) the net savings on greenhouse gas emissions induced by heat pumps can be increased by a factor of 5.4 by 2030, resulting in savings of 3Mt CO2e by 2030, and, (iii) the potential for up to 3400 new jobs. In 2019, the annual R&D funding for heat pumps and cooling systems was estimated at 3,3 million Euros.
The Netherlands was the second country to deliver its report, which included a market analysis, an overview of mission-driven policy initiatives, and future heat pump targets. Gas-free policies in the Netherlands encourage the use of all-electric and other green heating sources. Existing homes have been designed to switch to heat pumps, district heating, a combination of both. Towards this objective, they’ve developed strong collaborations with municipalities and building owners to develop and scale up Off the Gas affordable and practical solutions. The Netherlands has 7.5 million inhabitants. There are 8 million dwellings, with 7.2 million of them supplied by gas boilers, 400,000 residences are heated by district heating, and roughly 200,00 heat pumps installed to date. Heat pump deployment grew steadily but slowly until 2015; however, when a subsidy scheme for renewable heating was announced, with an average annual payment of 70–100 million Euros going to heat pump consumers, as well as solar boiler and biomass buyers, helped to accelerate the growth. In the Netherlands, air-source heat pumps are the most commonly used systems. A large-scale pilot experiment program with districts going off-gas grid and an extensive grant scheme for heat pumps that will cover up to 40% of the upfront costs and run until 2030 are some of the incentives and national policy missions to encourage heat pump deployment.
The last member to present their report was China, which noted that overall energy consumption had increased from 400 MTOE in the 1970s to 3400 MTOE in 2019. In 2019, however, coal use fell by 57%, while renewable energy grew by 15.3%. The energy mix in China is also evolving, with renewable energy sources making up a larger share of total generation. China has established several measures to promote clean heating in order to improve air quality, with Beijing taking the lead in introducing the Clean Air Action Plan in 2013. Twenty new pilot towns have been added, and the scope of the pilot cities has been broadened to include extreme cold locations, bringing the total number of clean heating pilot cities to 63 in 2021. Such policies have significantly influenced the rapid development of air source heat pumps in recent years. Heat pump technology researches are currently very active in China. China has now become the world’s largest heat pump producer and application market. In order to meet China’s carbon emission reduction and carbon neutralization goals, heat pump heating will become increasingly crucial.
At the following links you can find the country reports:
The second workshop on the 7th of September 2021, where France, the UK, the US, and Germany presented an updated view of their national markets is now available here