On the 7th of September, a successful workshop about member country reports took place. This workshop has been attended by more than 50 participants from all over the world. At this workshop, which was the second out of three this year, France, the UK, the US, and Germany presented an updated view of their national markets.
The first Country Report presentation focused on the development of heat pumps in France. The delegate began by providing facts and figures about the French heat pump market, which has been one of the leading European heat pump markets for several years, with more than 1 million heat pumps sold in 2020. The presentation provided an overview of the buildings and equipment stocks, as well as current challenges in deploying the systems in both existing and new buildings. Policy and financial incentives for addressing these issues have also been considered. An outline of research initiatives ranging from refrigerant utilization to heat pump acoustics has also been identified and prioritized.
The UK delegate discussed the overall background of the UK’s energy system, a market overview of heat pumps, some of the strategic policies that interact with heat pumps, and the development of innovative programs. In total, there are 26.2 million households in the United Kingdom, with 22 million of those being served by main gas. Heat pumps are now a small market in the UK for residential buildings, although they are commonly employed in commercial buildings. Despite the introduction of the Renewable Heat Incentive Intervention in 2014, the present domestic market for heat pumps sales has remained largely stable; however, sales have begun to increase as the new policy clarity emerges and consumer knowledge grows. The majority of market growth is in air-water monobloc systems, which have fewer installation restrictions. According to the delegate, around 300,000 heat pumps are presently installed in homes, while gas boiler sales are approximately 1.6 million units each year. High-level policies include the clean growth strategy 2017, clean growth transforming heat 2018, the government’s 10-point plan energy white paper 2020, which aims to install 600,000 heat pumps per year by 2028, as well as the renewable heat incentive (RHI) and the clean heat grant, which will be the RHI’s successor. The adaptability of the building stock, customer knowledge, the gas/electricity pricing ratio, and the upfront cost of systems remain significant impediments.
The United States was the next country to present its report; the US heat pump industry has been steadily growing since 2010, outpacing competing space heating technologies. Through promising R&D and business advances, the usage of ASHPs in cold regions is becoming more practical. In order to address environmental concerns and rapid increases in cooling/refrigeration demand, current R&D focuses are primarily on advancing the development of (i) more efficient cooling systems, including nontraditional cycles, (ii) alternative or advanced compression cycle technologies, and (iii) lower GWP refrigerant alternatives. Government initiatives, as well as public and private sector incentive schemes, promote the use of more efficient heat pump systems. The stringent minimum standards, R&D, tax credits, and incentive programs will all significantly impact the future of heat pump technologies.
Germany was the last member country to give its report; a considerable number of universities, research organizations, and industrial enterprises in Germany are working on heat pump technologies. Heat pumps account for more than half of all heating systems installed in new buildings. There is even more potential in the building stock; a government scheme rewards property owners who replace older oil-fired central heating systems, which is one of the key catalysts for heat pump implementation. Air to water heat pumps currently accounts for about 80% of the market in Germany. High electricity prices compared to gas and oil, like in the UK, are a significant hurdle for heat pumps. According to their research, roughly 842,000 heating systems were installed in one year in 2020 for new and existing buildings, as well as replacement. Thanks to the government’s support system, the number of heat pump sales have increased dramatically from 100,000 in 2019 to 140,000 in 2020.
At the following links you can find the country reports:
The first workshop on the 1st of June 2021, where Austria, China, and the Netherlands presented an update of their national markets, is available here.