31 December 2009

Heat Pumps are Renewable, Are they not? – A European Perspective –


This question dominates the discussion on support for the more widespread use of heat pump technology in general and on their recognition in all legislation dealing with the promotion of renewable energy use in particular. It has been raised both on the European and national levels. As such, it was also repeatedly asked during the preparation of the RES Directive (Directive on the promotion of use of renewable energy sources | 2009/28/EC).
While the intensity of the discussion varies throughout Europe, it is by and large governed by the fact that most heat pumps use electricity in their operation. The individual stakeholder’s position towards heat pumps is then shaped by his or her perception of the use of electricity for heating, by the way electricity is used in the country/region concerned and by the proportion of renewable sources used to produce it.