04 February 2021
The overarching objective of Annex 48 was to create a tool for decisions makers to use more Industrial Heat Pumps (IHPs) for the larger scale market in industrial applications. IHPs offer various opportunities to all types of manufacturing processes and operations. They use waste process heat as the heat source, delivering heat at higher temperatures for use in industrial processes, heating or preheating, and industrial space heating and cooling. IHPs can significantly reduce fossil fuel consumption and GHG emissions in a variety of applications.