01 November 1985

Electric Heat Pumps for Retrofit in Existing Small Residential Buildings (Hydronic Systems) – National Position Paper – Italy


The paper provides data on climate, building stock, retrofit systems, related codes and standards, electric driven heat pumps, gas/diesel engine driven heat pumps, absorption heat pumps, heat sources, heat pump research, trends in heat pump system design, annual sales, energy supply costs in the residential sectors, investment costs, and policies including subsides for heat pump applications.


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