01 November 1985

Electric Heat Pumps for Retrofit in Existing Small Residential Buildings (Hydronic Systems) – National Position Paper – Germany


The paper provides data on inventory of single- and two-family houses, types of heating systems, age profile, of existing heating systems, control equipment, hot tap water systems, thermal insulation, climate, heating demand, fuel consumption, key segments for electric heat pumps, retrofit systems status of heat pump installations, status of boiler installation, energy prices, and policy.


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