22 September 2011

EJECTOR APPLICATIONS IN REFRIGERATION AND HEATING: AN OVERVIEW OF MODELING, OPERATION AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS


The utilization of ejectors in heat pump systems as compression components,
alone or in combination with other equipment, have gained renewed interest as a thermally driven solution for low temperature heat recovery and upgrading and more efficient energy
use. This paper summarizes the main findings and trends, in the area of heat driven ejector based machines using low boiling point working fluids. An overall view of such systems is
provided by presenting the ejector principles of physics and the latest developments on ejector design, operation and modeling approaches. Aspects related to the analysis of the
complex interacting phenomena taking place in these systems for high performance are highlighted. Conventional and improved ejector heat pump cycles of interest employing
ejectors alone or boosted combinations are presented and discussed, and their potential applications are indicated. Finally, sample theoretical and experimental results obtained at
CanmetENERGY on ejector operation and design are reported.