18 October 2011
R&D that improves the energy efficiency of residential heating and cooling
equipment will reduce site energy consumption, reduce the primary energy
necessary to supply the site energy and also reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG)
emissions attributable to heating and cooling of homes. This paper benchmarks the performance of common heating and cooling equipment sold in North America with
respect to the equivalent CO2 emissions (CO2e) from their use. Operation in several North American cities is examined to see both the effects of local climate and the regional variation in the full-fuel cycle (FFC) power plant efficiency. It turns out that
both are important to the understanding the likely GHG impact of heating and cooling equipment selection.