12 November 2019

Development of an Underground Thermal Battery for Enabling Ground Source Heat Pump Applications and Shaping Electric Demand of Buildings

An innovative underground thermal battery (UTB) can provide not only a stable heat sink or heat source for efficient heat pump operation, but also a thermal energy storage to overcome the mismatch between intermittent renewable power supply and fluctuating thermal demands of a building. This article introduces the recent developments of the UTB, including concept design, lab tests, and modeling. Initial results indicate that the UTB has a potential to enable both efficient air-conditioning and active demand side management without sacrificing the desired comfort condition and convenience in the building.